Here’s the official FSA guidelines:
Vegetarian: The term ‘vegetarian’ should not be applied to foods that are, or are made from or with the aid of products derived from animals that have died, have been slaughtered, or animals that die as a result of being eaten. Animals means farmed, wild or domestic animals, including for example, livestock poultry, game, fish, shellfish, crustacea, amphibians, tunicates, echinoderms, molluscs and insects.
Vegan: The term ‘vegan’ should not be applied to foods that are, or are made from or with the aid of animals or animal products (including products from living animals).
Veganism – pros and consNot long ago the idea of a strict vegan diet was considered extreme, ridiculous and impractical. A vegan does not eat any animal products — no meat, fish, fowl, eggs, dairy or honey. They would not use any clothing or footwear that has animal products in it.
The following are the advantages of a vegan diet:
It also helps in weight loss and it keeps you full longer. Fruits and vegetables provide the body with vital vitamins and minerals that provide general health, immunity and a glowing skin.
There are three kinds of vegetarians:
o Lacto-vegetarians: They do not consume meat, chicken and fish but eat milk and milk products.
o Lacto-ovo-vegetarians: They eat milk, milk products and eggs but exclude all kinds of meat.Vegan Vs. VegetarianLike vegans, vegetarians do not eat any animal flesh; no chicken, pig, cow, sea animals. A vegan does not eat eggs, dairy products or any other product derived from an animal. Vegetarians tend to eat eggs and dairy products like milk and butter.
Vegans avoid using products that have been tested on animals, like make-up and skin creams, or products made from animal skins such as leather belts and shoes. Vegetarians tend to be a bit more lenient when it comes to using products derived from animals.
Some vegans may say that the primary reason for adhering to their diet is due to allergies, most adopt a vegan lifestyle for moral and political reasons (ethical vegans). Vegans claim that animals are not here to be exploited by man, and that commercialization of animals is inhumane and lacks respect of life.
There are many reasons one might be vegetarian. A prominent reason is for health reasons - the vegetarian diet is high in fiber; low on carbs and saturated fats. Some religions, like Hinduism and Jainism, prescribe or encourage vegetarianism. Others, like the Christian Orthodox church, practice abstinence from animal products during Lent.
Health Benefits of Vegan and Vegetarian Diets
In general, most studies show vegans and vegetarians are as healthy, if not healthier than, their meat-eating counterparts. Veganism, in particular, is very good at eliminating common food allergens, such as shellfish and dairy. However, a notable downside to the vegan diet is that vegans often need to take B12 and amino acid supplements — and sometimes other dietary supplements, such as iron or vitamin D — as their diet tends to lack these essential nutritional components.
Overall, determining whether these diets directly affect long-term health outcomes is difficult. The different types of vegetarians are rarely studied against each other, for instance, and vegans and vegetarians often tend to be more affluent or health-conscious, both of which positively affect long-term outcomes.
Famous Vegetarians and Vegans
Many well-known celebrities adhere to vegan or vegetarian diets. Famous vegans include singers Carrie Underwood and Erykah Badu, Olympic sprinter Carl Lewis, actor and musician Jared Leto, and civil rights activist Cesar Chavez. Among vegetarians, there is Coldplay singer Chris Martin, comedian Ellen DeGeneres, Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi, and actors Natalie Portman and Peter Dinklage.
Diet Dos And DontsScience claims that vegan and vegetarian diets are beneficial to humans, animals, and the environment; they are also of nutritional value.
Veganism is very restrictive. While protein and iron can be otherwise sourced, vitamin B12 — another vitamin rich in animal products — is harder to obtain.
There’s also a tendency for meat-free eaters to fill the animal abyss with processed foods, which is not nutritionally sound and can make one feel hungry and crabby.