Coffee is very healthy - it is loaded with antioxidants and beneficial nutrients that improve your health.
The studies show that coffee drinkers have a much lower risk of several serious diseases.
Coffee improves energy levels and makes you smarterCoffee can help people feel less tired and increase energy levels.
This is because it contains a stimulant called caffeine, which is actually the most commonly consumed psychoactive substance in the world
Caffeine lowers the risk of Parkinson’sIn studies, coffee drinkers have a much lower risk of developing Parkinson’s disease, with a reduction in risk ranging from 32-60%
Here are some more health benefits of coffee, that have been confirmed in human studies.
The genus was first described in the 18th century by the Swedish botanist, Carolus Linneaus.
In the commercial coffee industry, there are two important coffee species — Arabica and Robusta.
Coffea ArabicaVarieties: Bourbon, Caturra, Mundo Novo, San Ramon, Jamaican Blue Mountain
Coffea Arabica originates from the original coffee trees discovered in Ethiopia.
They produce fine, mild coffee and represent approximately 70% of the world's coffee production.
On the world market, Arabica coffees bring the highest prices. The better Arabicas generally grown between 610 to 1830 metres above sea level. The most important factor is constant mild temperatures, ideally between 15 – 24ºC, with about 152 cm of rainfall a year.
Arabica trees are expensive to cultivate because the ideal terrain tends to be steep and access to them is difficult. Arabica trees are more disease-prone than Robusta, so they require additional care and attention.
Most of the Robusta coffee is grown in Central and Western Africa, parts of Southeast Asia, and in Brazil. Production of Robusta is increasing, though it is only about 1/3 of the world market.
Coffee Robusta is primarily used in blends and instant coffees. The Robusta trees withstands warmer climates with constant temperatures between 25 – 29ºC , which enables it to grow at far lower altitudes than Arabica.
Each tree is covered with green, waxy leaves growing opposite each other in pairs. Coffee cherries grow along the branches. Because it grows in a continuous cycle, it’s not unusual to see flowers, green fruit and ripe fruit simultaneously on a single tree.
It takes about a year for a coffee tree to mature after the first flowering, and nearly 5 years of growth to reach full fruit production. Coffee trees are generally the most productive between the ages of 7 and 20. The average coffee tree produces 4.5 kg of coffee cherry per year, or 900 g of green beans.