Black Sea Lye is an amazing liquid obtained from the salt lakes at Pomorie and Burgas in Bulgaria. The lye is what remains after sea water evaporate during salt crystallisation. It remains above the salt layer as highly viscose oily liquid with yellowish-brown colour.
Lye is composed mainly of magnesium, sodium, potassium, chlorides, bromides, sulphates and all macro and micro minerals typical for the Black Sea salt lakes.
The content of magnesium salts is the highest.
Magnesium is an essential element the human body. It is necessary for the production of energy in the cells; acceleration of metabolism, it is important to keep the balance in the nervous and muscular systems. Magnesium helps reduce muscle cramps and makes the hair and the skin shiny; the nails – glossy and healthy.
Stress and fatigue deplete the levels of magnesium in the body - so this is why it is recommended after heavy physical or mental strain to ‘stock up’ on this precious mineral.
Lye is used in a natural or in a diluted composition in various concentrations and amounts. The most widely used applications are lye compresses.
They are applied primarily for diseases of the musculoskeletal system; in rheumatic diseases (gonarthrosis, coxarthrosis, spondylarthrosis, rheumatic arthritis, Bechterev disease, infectious arthritis); traumatic orthopedic diseases (traumas of the soft tissues and the bones; sprains, joints dislocations and bone fractures); neurological diseases (neuralgia, neuritis, frozen shoulder, disc hernia).
For treating the above conditions, the lye is gently heated and applied in a compress over the sore spot. The idea is to do it often and regularly, so that the cumulative effect can start the healing process.
Lye is also used for the treatment of skin ulcers and skin diseases like psoriasis, neurodermatitis, eczema, hair loss etc.
Other treatment methods are:
- magneto therapy (helps alleviate pain)
- therapy with electricity
- ultrasound therapy
- lye electrophoresis
The town of Pomorie is very popular with Bulgarians for the lye treatment. It is visited annually by people who experience chronic pain. Another famous place for lye and lye mud treatment is the lake of Atanasovo.
It is a hypersaline seaside lake, divided in two parts by the Burgas – Varna road. The north part is a natural reserve and the south part – a protected area. The lake is surrounded by smaller reservoirs and a canal system, which is overgrown with marsh vegetation and a freshwater canal. The lake area is around 17 sq. km. It is at 1.5 m under the sea level, which makes it extremely vulnerable. Its average depth is 30 cm.
There are 316 bird species found in the area (there is a total of 423 species on the territory of Bulgaria), which migrate, winter or nest in the reserve. Of those, 14 are world-wide endangered – the Dalmatian pelican, the red-breasted goose, the pygmy cormorant, the ferruginous duck, the corn crake, etc. 83 of them are in the Red Book of endangered species of Bulgaria. 170 of them are of European environmental importance. The lake lies under the Via Pontica migration route and is of European significance in terms of wandering birds, especially pelicans, eagles, harriers and storks.